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Understanding The Hormone Cycle of a Woman

Posted Monday, December 29, 2008 9:51 PM

The Hormone Cycle of a WomanEach month a woman's body goes through some pretty extraordinary changes. These changes are what is commonly referred to as the hormone cycle. Keeping this hormone cycle in balance is what helps with menstruation, ovulation, and pregnancy. When the hormones are not in balance a woman may find she has fertility issues. Most people do not understand that the hormone cycle can be affected by many things. Stress, the lack of sleep, an improper diet can all affect how the body reacts to things.

The hypothalamus gland controls many of your body's every day functions. Menstruation is one of them. The chemicals the hypothalamus gland releases tells the body what to do. This gland works as the manager of the body team. The hypothalamus gland monitors things like weight, thirst, and so forth. It also keeps close watch over the hormone levels in the blood system.

Estrogen levels in a woman's body drop when her menstruation cycle begins. The result is the release of two hormones which stimulate egg production. These hormones are called luteinizing (LH) and follicle stimulating hormones (FSH) . The ovaries, during the hormone cycle, only work one at a time. This means the body will produce one egg at a time. In rare instances two eggs may be produced.

The FSH and the LH will help stimulate the follicles in the ovaries to develop an egg. The growth of the egg stimulates the body into releasing higher levels of estrogen. The uterus begins to grow the new lining again. By the time the egg is almost fully developed, the level of estrogen in the body has increased greatly. At it's peak the body then turns off the production of the FSH hormone and starts to increase the LH hormone. This causes the egg to be released and ushered into the fallopian tube. Ovulation has occurred. The fallopian tube is where fertilization occurs during the hormone cycle.

This is not the end of the hormone cycle. The ovary now begins to produce progesterone. This is for the lining of the uterus to be prepared for supporting an embryo. Should the egg become fertile it will attach itself to the lining of the uterus. If the egg does not become fertile, then the lining will start to break down and menstruation will begin.

This is how the hormone cycle of a woman works. Many people do not understand why only one side of the body may cramp during menstruation. It is because only one ovary at a time is stimulated. The increase of the estrogen can cause the mood swings. Also a tubal pregnancy can be understood more clearly when you understand the hormone cycle and how the woman's body really works.

It is possible to still become pregnant with the fallopian tubes blocked or damaged as long as the FSH and the LH are still able to stimulate the growth of an egg. The hormone cycle is something every woman who is trying to get pregnant should understand.

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